Are you the publisher? Claim or contact us about this channel


Embed this content in your HTML

Search

Report adult content:

click to rate:

Account: (login)

More Channels


Showcase


Channel Catalog


Channel Description:

ReliefWeb - Updates on Sierra Leone

older | 1 | .... | 255 | 256 | (Page 257) | 258 | 259 | .... | 346 | newer

    0 0

    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone

    Conakry, Guinée | AFP | dimanche 29/11/2015 - 18:35 GMT |

    Les participants à une réunion internationale à Conakry consacrée aux maladies hémorragiques virales ont appelé dimanche la communauté scientifique mondiale à aider la Guinée dans la production d'un vaccin anti-Ebola d'ici 2016, selon leur déclaration finale.

    Les experts venus d'Afrique, d'Europe et d'Amérique ont recommandé "un plaidoyer régional et mondial pour encourager la communauté scientifique à soutenir la Guinée" dans la production du vaccin anti-Ebola, selon cette déclaration lue à l'issue de la réunion.

    Une des douze recommandations préconise de "mettre en place une équipe multidisciplinaire d'experts pour élaborer une feuille de route pour la production de vaccins en Guinée d’ici la fin du premier trimestre de 2016".

    Ils ont souligné qu'une "telle vision est une entreprise longue, lourde, de haute technicité, et surtout coûteuse".

    La réunion de trois jours visait notamment à "faire le point sur les avancées scientifiques concernant les vaccins contre les différentes souches de virus Ebola, Marbourg, Lassa, de la Vallée du Rift ou de la grippe aviaire" et de "tirer les leçons sur les expériences acquises pendant les essais cliniques vaccinaux de la présente épidémie à virus Ebola en Afrique de l'Ouest", selon un communiqué du gouvernement guinéen.

    Parmi les vaccins en cours d'élaboration contre Ebola, le VSV-EBOV - développé par l'Agence de la santé publique du Canada et dont la licence est détenue par les laboratoires américains NewLink Genetics et Merck - est le premier à s'être révélé efficace, selon les publications médicales.

    L'essai de ce vaccin a eu lieu en Guinée avant d'être étendu en Sierra Leone voisine.

    La réunion prend fin au lendemain de la sortie du centre de traitement de Médecins sans Frontières (MSF) du dernier patient d'Ebola connu en Guinée, une petite fille d'un peu plus d'un mois, guérie, et dont la mère est décédée.

    La fin de l'épidémie pourra être déclarée dans le pays 42 jours (deux fois la durée maximale d'incubation du virus) après le second test négatif si aucun cas n'est signalé d'ici là, soit fin décembre, selon l'Organisation mondiale de la santé et MSF.

    L'épidémie d'Ebola en Afrique de l'Ouest, la plus grave depuis l'identification du virus en Afrique centrale en 1976, a fait plus de 11.300 morts sur 29.000 cas recensés, un bilan toutefois sous-évalué d'après l'OMS.

    Les victimes se concentrent à 99 % dans trois pays limitrophes: la Guinée, d'où est partie l'épidémie en décembre 2013, la Sierra Leone, où la fin de l'épidémie a été proclamée le 7 novembre, et le Liberia, qui a connu deux annonces similaires, en mai et en septembre, suivies de résurgences du virus.

    ab/mrb/cyj

    © 1994-2015 Agence France-Presse


    0 0

    Source: Government of Sierra Leone
    Country: Sierra Leone

    Freetown, Nov. 27, 2015 (MOHS)– The Fifth Round and 14th Session of the Bi-annual Maternal and Child Health Week (MCHW) commonly known as the “Mami En Pikin Welbodi Week” has been launched in Kambia northern Sierra Leone.

    Launching the MCH Week on the theme: “Healthy Families, Healthy Future”, the Director of Health Systems, Planning, Policy and Information, Dr. Samuel Kargbo on behalf of the Ministry thanked health workers and development partners for their efforts in the fight to contain the Ebola virus disease and to maintain zero infection.

    Director of Health Systems, Planning, Policy and Information, Dr. Samuel Kargbo launching the MCH Week

    He said as part of the country’s efforts to improve access to essential maternal and child health services, five rounds of nationwide supplementary immunization activities targeting children 0-5 years and pregnant women were planned in 2015, and four of these campaigns have been successfully executed.

    Dr. Samuel Kargbo told his audience that the above campaigns are part of the Free Health Care Initiative to promote the health of the women and children and reduce the high morbidity and mortality among children and women in Sierra Leone.

    He informed his audience that the campaign catalogued the introduction of measles second dose into routine immunization services for children aged 15-23 months, adding that during this period, other routing vaccines for defaulters up to 23 months of age, Vitamin A capsules, and deworming tablets will be provided.

    Dr. Kargbo disclosed that the Ministry of Health and Sanitation and partners are using this campaign as another platform to provide essential health services and to regain public confidence in the health system. He urged all Sierra Leoneans to take advantage of this campaign and ensure that all children under five years and pregnant women benefit from this very important intervention. He assured all Sierra Leoneans of the Ministry’s commitment to promote the wellbeing of women and children.

    Speaking on behalf of the UN family, the UNICEF Representative, Geoff Wiffin commended President Dr. Ernest Bai Koroma and people of Sierra Leone for the successful efforts to end the Ebola virus diease outbreak in the country, adding that the United Nations System in Sierra Leone is proud to be part of the bi-annual effort that is being led by the Ministry of Health to ensure delivery of high impact life-saving interventions to children below 59 months and pregnant women in Sierra Leone is successfully implemented.

    Geoff Wiffin informed his audience that during the campaign, an estimated 1.3 million children under five years of age will be provided with Vitamin A supplementation and deworming tablets.

    Giving an overview of the campaign, the Director of Reproductive and Child Health, Dr. Santigie Sesay said the campaign aimed at achieving at least 95 percent coverage for specific interventions.

    Nutrition Coordinator, Helen Keller International, Hamid Turay noted that the maternal and child health week has helped combat diseases in children and reduce infant mortality death in children under five.

    He said Helen Keller International has been working with the Ministry of Health to ensure that all children under five get free Vitamin A and deworming tablet, and also Vitamin A as they reach six months.

    The District Medical Officer, Kambia, Dr. Foday Sesay said the launch of the campaign in Kambia is an opportunity has a tendency to organized good programmes good interventions and the community to take the intervention well.

    He said the launching will bring awareness for the people in the various communities to take the message round to ensure that all children under five years received the vaccines.

    Other speakers include the District Medical Officer, Dr. Foday Sesay, Deputy Chairman, Kambia District Council, Mr. Foday Bangura, and the Director, Community Action for the Welfare of Children (CAWeC), Abdul Sankoh.

    Highlights of the ceremony include administering of the vaccines and a conducted tour of the Health Fair booths.

    The ceremony was chaired by the Director of Primary Health Care, Dr. Joseph Kandeh.

    KK/MOHS/SLENA


    0 0

    Source: Government of Sierra Leone
    Country: Sierra Leone

    EVD COUNTDOWN ZERO + 42 (D DAY 8TH NOVEMBER 2015) 0 days, 0 hours, 00 minutes and 00 seconds left

    EBOLA OUTBREAK UPDATES November 29, 2015.

     NEW CASES

     New Confirmed cases = 0 as follows:
    Kailahun = 0, Kenema = 0, Kono = 0
    Bombali = 0, Kambia = 0, Koinadugu = 0, Port Loko =0, Tonkolili = 0 Bo = 0, Bonthe = 0, Moyamba = 0 Pujehun = 0
    Western Area Urban = 0, Western Area Rural = 0, Missing = 0

     DISCHARGED CASES = 4,051  CUMULATIVE CASES = 8,704  CUMULATIVE DEATHS =3,589  Suspected cases = 5,249
     Ebola Virus Disease Situation Report

     PROVIDED BY:
     The Ministry of Health and Sanitation
     For more information, please contact: District
    level: District Health Management Team
    National level: Directorate of Disease Prevention and Control,
    E.mail: dpcsurveillance@gmail.com Website: www.nerc.sl or www.health.gov.sl Mobile: 117 (Toll free)


    0 0

    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Sierra Leone

    Stressed (IPC Phase 2) food insecurity in certain areas due to residual Ebola impacts

    Key Messages

    The World Health Organization declared Sierra Leone free of Ebola on November 7th, and the country has now entered a 90-day period of enhanced surveillance by the Government and its partners. This situation will provide favorable conditions for a slow economic recovery and for improving household incomes.

    The joint CILSS/FEWS NET/FAO/WFP/Government mission conducted in October estimated that the 2015/16 crop production levels for both rice and cassava will be 10 percent higher than last year’s levels. Compared to the five-year average, rice and cassava production will have increased 28 percent and 23 percent, respectively. Food supply levels will likely, in turn, be sufficient to meet local consumption needs, maintain stable prices, and ensure adequate food access for households in most areas.

    Food security outcomes continue to improve compared to previous months as the newly harvested crops, the increased labor and crop sale opportunities, and the relatively stable food prices improve poor households’ food access and provide seasonal incomes to support their food and non-food expenditures. Consequently, most areas are expected to face Minimal (IPC Phase 1) acute food insecurity through at least March 2016.

    However, many poor households in Kenema, Kailahun, Kambia, Pujenhun, Port Loko, Tonkolili, and Kono continue to face reduced purchasing power due to a slower recovery from Ebola-related shocks (market interruptions and reduced income sources from crop sales, petty trade, bush meat sales, etc.). This slower recovery is preventing them from fully meeting their non-food needs, such as education and healthcare costs and consequently, they will remain Stressed (IPC Phase 2) through March 2016. Within these districts, poor households who lost a family member to Ebola will likely face some of the worst food security outcomes.

    For more detailed analysis, see the Food Security Outlook Update for October.


    0 0

    Source: Government of Sierra Leone
    Country: Sierra Leone

    EVD COUNTDOWN ZERO + 42 (D DAY 8TH NOVEMBER 2015) 0 days, 0 hours, 00 minutes and 00 seconds left

    EBOLA OUTBREAK UPDATES November 30, 2015.

    NEW CASES

    • New Confirmed cases = 0 as follows:
      Kailahun = 0, Kenema = 0, Kono = 0 Bombali = 0, Kambia = 0, Koinadugu = 0, Port Loko =0, Tonkolili = 0 Bo = 0, Bonthe = 0, Moyamba = 0 Pujehun = 0 Western Area Urban = 0, Western Area Rural = 0, Missing = 0

    DISCHARGED CASES = 4,051

    CUMULATIVE CASES = 8,704

    CUMULATIVE DEATHS =3,589

    • Suspected cases = 5,251

    Ebola Virus Disease Situation Report

    PROVIDED BY:
    The Ministry of Health and Sanitation

    For more information, please contact:
    District level: District Health Management Team
    National level: Directorate of Disease Prevention and Control, E.mail: dpcsurveillance@gmail.com Website: www.nerc.sl or www.health.gov.sl Mobile: 117 (Toll free)


    0 0

    Source: Government of Sierra Leone
    Country: Sierra Leone

    EVD COUNTDOWN ZERO + 42 (D DAY 8TH NOVEMBER 2015) 0 days, 0 hours, 00 minutes and 00 seconds left

    EBOLA OUTBREAK UPDATES December 1, 2015.

    NEW CASES

    • New Confirmed cases = 0 as follows:
      Kailahun = 0, Kenema = 0, Kono = 0 Bombali = 0, Kambia = 0, Koinadugu = 0, Port Loko =0, Tonkolili = 0 Bo = 0, Bonthe = 0, Moyamba = 0 Pujehun = 0 Western Area Urban = 0, Western Area Rural = 0, Missing = 0

    DISCHARGED CASES = 4,051

    CUMULATIVE CASES = 8,704

    CUMULATIVE DEATHS =3,589

    • Suspected cases = 5,253

    Ebola Virus Disease Situation Report

    PROVIDED BY:
    The Ministry of Health and Sanitation

    For more information, please contact:
    District level: District Health Management Team
    National level: Directorate of Disease Prevention and Control, E.mail: dpcsurveillance@gmail.com Website: www.nerc.sl or www.health.gov.sl Mobile: 117 (Toll free)


    0 0

    Source: Action Contre la Faim
    Country: Sierra Leone

    Free at last

    Since May 2014, Sierra Leone has had to battle with the dreadful Ebola Virus Disease. The outbreak was classified as the largest, fiercest, and most complex ever in the history of the virus, mostly affecting Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone. Putting on a display of its fierceness, 8,704 were in total infected by the virus, claiming the lives of 3,589 Sierra Leoneans (221 being health care workers).

    After a period of 1 year and 6 months of collaborative efforts of all stakeholders from within and without the country, Sierra Leone was on Saturday 7th November, 2015 declared free of EVD by the World Health Organization (WHO). According to the WHO standards, Sierra Leone, by midnight of Friday, 6th November 2015, earned the opportunity of being declared free of the EVD after completing a 42-day period of recording zero new infection of the EVD.

    The occasion on the 7th how ever also marked the commencement of a 90-day period of heightened surveillance and vigilance to avoid a case of relapse in the country and stay free indeed.


    0 0

    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Sierra Leone

    BURKINA FASO

    NOUVEAU PRÉSIDENT ÉLU APRÈS DES ÉLECTIONS PACIFIQUES

    Ancien premier ministre du Burkina Faso, Roch Marc Kaboré a été élu président à la suite d’élections pacifiques tenues le 29 novembre. Ce sont les premières élections depuis l’abandon forcé du pouvoir de Blaise Compaoré suite à des protestations populaires en octobre 2014. Le scrutin a parachevé une transition politique qui a été marquée par des tensions et un coup d’état de courte durée.

    CAMEROUN

    CINQ TUÉS DANS UNE ATTAQUE-SUICIDE

    Le 28 novembre, deux kamikazes ont attaqué le village de Dabanga, dans le nord du Cameroun, tuant cinq personnes. Des membres de Boko Haram, qui ont effectué de nombreux raids dans la région de l'Extrême-nord du pays depuis 2013, sont soupçonnés d'être à l’origine de l'attaque.

    RÉPUBLIQUE CENTRAFRICAINE (RCA)

    LE PAPE EXHORTE À LA TOLÉRANCE ET LA PAIX LORS DE SA VISITE

    Le Pape François a appelé à la tolérance et à la paix au cours d'une visite de deux jours en République centrafricaine les 29 et 30 novembre. Dans la capitale Bangui, où la violence a repris en septembre, le pontife a visité les populations déplacées du site de Saint-Sauveur ainsi que le district du PK 5 où il a rencontré la communauté musulmane.

    TCHAD

    TROIS TUÉS DANS DES RAIDS ARMÉS

    Le 24 novembre, des membres présumés de Boko Haram ont attaqué le village de Bolalé, dans la région de Baga-Sola, tuant deux personnes. Une autre personne a été tuée dans une attaque séparée dans la localité de Ngouboua le 20 novembre. La présence militaire a été renforcée après l'état d'urgence décrété le 9 novembre et prolongé jusqu'en mars 2016.

    MALI

    DES CASQUES BLEUS TUÉS DANS UNE ATTAQUE À LA ROQUETTE

    Le 28 novembre, quatre roquettes tirées contre la base de la MINUSMA à Kidal ont tué deux casques bleus des Nations Unies et un civil. Vingt autres personnes ont été blessées, dont quatre grièvement. Le Secrétaire général de l'ONU, Ban Ki-moon, et le Conseil de sécurité ont condamné l'attaque.

    NIGER

    DIX-HUIT TUÉS DANS L’ATTAQUE D’UN VILLAGE

    Le 25 novembre, dix-huit personnes ont été tuées par des hommes armés soupçonnés d’appartenir à Boko Haram, au cours d'une attaque contre le village de Wogom, près du département de Bosso, dans la région de Diffa. Plusieurs villageois ont fui pour trouver refuge ailleurs, toutefois, le nombre exact est encore inconnu.

    RÉGIONAL/ MALADIE À VIRUS EBOLA (MVE)

    AUCUN NOUVEAU CAS AU LIBÉRIA

    Le Libéria n’a rapporté aucun nouveau cas dans la semaine se terminant le 29 novembre. La maladie a refait surface dans le pays le 19 novembre quand un garçon de 15 ans a été diagnostiqué comme ayant le virus Ebola. L'adolescent est mort quatre jours plus tard, le premier décès depuis juillet. Le père et le frère du garçon sont traités pour la maladie dans un hôpital de la capitale Monrovia. Plus de 150 contacts sont surveillés. La Guinée n’a enregistré aucun cas pour le mois passé. La Sierra Leone a été déclarée exempte de transmission Ebola le 7 novembre..


    0 0

    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Togo

    End of the cholera epidemic in Ghana

    Ghana announced in their last report the end of the cholera epidemic after 3 weeks without new reported case. During week 44, the three (3) suspected cholera cases reported from Lower Manya-Krobo district, Eastern region, were investigated and found to be non-cholera cases. Stool samples obtained from the suspected cases tested negative for Vibrio cholerae by culturing at the National Public Health Reference Laboratory. Active case search conducted in the said community identified no cases. Therefore, to date, the entire country has reported zero case of cholera in the last three weeks which clearly states the end of cholera epidemic in Ghana. Nevertheless, there is still critical need to continue with cholera prevention and control activities, particularly WASH, social mobilization and public education, and enhanced surveillance. In addition, more investment should now be directed towards cholera preparedness activities.

    Large outbreak persisting in Maniema region and Fizi district in South Kivu, DRC

    Responsible for nearly 82% of reported cases, the outbreak in several districts of the Maniema region and Fizi district in south Kivu remains of great concern. Investigations are ongoing in Maniema in order to focus cholera response activities


    0 0

    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Togo

    Fin de l’épidémie au Ghana

    Les autorités Ghanéennes ont annoncé, cette fin de semaine, la fin de l’épidémie de choléra après 3 semaines sans nouveau cas déclaré. En semaine 44, 3 cas suspects avaient été rapportés dans le district du bas Manya-Krobo, région Est, mais sont revenus négatifs en culture pour le Vibrio cholerae. En outre, la recherche active de cas n’a identifié aucun cas supplémentaire, ce qui a permis aux autorités compétentes d’annoncer la maitrise de l’épidémie de choléra. Toutefois, ces derniers appellent à maintenir les activités de prévention, particulièrement les programmes d’eau, d’hygiène et d’assainissement, de mobilisation sociale et d’éducation publique, et la surveillance active. Les acteurs et bailleurs de fonds sont ainsi encouragés à orienter leurs efforts et contributions vers les activités de prévention durable et de contingence du choléra.

    Flambée toujours importante dans le Maniema et le district de Fizi dans le SudKivu,
    RDC

    Responsable de près de 82% des cas rapportés, la flambée dans le Maniema et le district de Fizi dans le sud-Kivu reste préoccupante. Des investigations sont en cours dans le Maniema pour permettre d’orienter les actions de réponse apportée.
    A noter par ailleurs que selon le médecin directeur de la Division Provinciale de Santé (DPS) / Ituri, dix-neuf (19) cas de l’épidémie de choléra sont notifiés dans trois(3) localités riveraines du lac Albert.


    0 0

    Source: World Health Organization
    Country: Guinea, Italy, Liberia, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Spain, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America

    SUMMARY

    • No confirmed cases were reported in the week to 29 November. Investigations are ongoing into the origin of infection of the cluster of 3 confirmed cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) reported from Liberia in the week to 22 November. The first-reported case in that cluster was a 15-year-old boy who tested positive for EVD after admission to a health facility in the Greater Monrovia area on 19 November. He was then transferred to an Ebola treatment centre along with the 5 other members of his family. Two other members of the family – the boy’s 8-year old brother and his 40-year-old father – subsequently tested positive for EVD whilst in isolation.
      The 15-year-old boy died on 23 November. In addition to the family of the first-reported case, 165 contacts have been identified so far, including 34 high-risk contacts. Liberia was previously declared free of Ebola transmission on 3 September 2015.

    • On 7 November WHO declared that Sierra Leone had achieved objective 1 of the phase 3 framework, and the country has now entered a 90-day period of enhanced surveillance scheduled to conclude on 5 February 2016. As of 29 November it had been 13 days since the last EVD patient in Guinea received a second consecutive EVD-negative blood test. The last case in Guinea was reported on 29 October 2015.

    • The recent cases in Liberia underscore the importance of robust surveillance measures to ensure the rapid detection of any reintroduction or re-emergence of EVD in currently unaffected areas. In order to achieve objective 2 of the phase 3 response framework – to manage and respond to the consequences of residual Ebola risks – Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone have each put surveillance systems in place to enable health workers and members of the public to report any case of illness or death that they suspect may be related to EVD to the relevant authorities. In the week to 29 November, 18 014 such alerts were reported in Guinea, with alerts reported from all of the country’s 34 prefectures. Equivalent data are not currently available for Liberia.
      In Sierra Leone, 1420 alerts were reported from all 14 districts in the week ending 15 November (the most recent week for which data are available).

    • As part of each country’s EVD surveillance strategy, blood samples or oral swabs should be collected from any live or deceased individuals who have or had clinical symptoms compatible with EVD. In the week to 29 November, 8 operational laboratories in Guinea tested a total of 631 new and repeat samples from 15 of the country’s 34 prefectures. 82% of all samples tested in Guinea were swabs collected from dead bodies. By contrast, 84% of the 981 new and repeat samples tested in Liberia over the same period were blood samples collected from live patients. In addition, all 15 counties in Liberia submitted samples for testing by the country’s 5 operational laboratories. 1344 new samples were collected from all 14 districts in Sierra Leone and tested by 8 operational laboratories. 89% of samples in Sierra Leone were swabs collected from dead bodies.

    • 994 deaths in the community were reported from Guinea in the week to 29 November through the country’s alerts system. This represents approximately 44% of the 2248 community deaths expected based on estimates of the population and a crude mortality rate of 11 deaths per 1000 people per year. Equivalent data are not yet available for Liberia. In Sierra Leone, 1282 reports of community deaths were received through the alert system during the week ending 15 November (the most recent week for which data are available), representing approximately 62% of the 2075 deaths expected each week based on estimates of the population and a crude mortality rate of 17 deaths per 1000 people per year.


    0 0

    Source: Food and Agriculture Organization
    Country: Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, China, Congo, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iraq, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mongolia, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, World, Yemen, Zimbabwe

    Highlights

    FAO’s latest forecasts for global supply and demand of cereals continue to point to a generally comfortable 2015/16 marketing season, with world inventories by the close of seasons in 2016 expected to fall only slightly below their record opening levels.

    • AFRICA: Cereal production in 2015 is forecast to fall, mainly reflecting the impact of adverse weather on Southern Africa’s output and the ongoing harvest in East Africa. Harvests in West and Central Africa are forecast to remain close to the levels of 2014, while a production recovery in North Africa is anticipated to prevent a steeper regional decline. Conflicts in several countries continued to severely affect food security and the agriculture sector, while drought conditions in East Africa have severely impacted pastoralist livelihoods.

    • ASIA: A record 2015 cereal crop in China boosted aggregate regional production to levels above the previous year, while a recovery in Turkey’s output also contributed. However, dry weather in some areas of the Far East lowered production in several countries, with a significant decline estimated in India. The persistent conflicts in Iraq, the Syrian Arab Republic and Yemen continued to severely impact on agricultural production and aggravate the humanitarian crisis.

    • LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN: Despite improved prospects for second season crops, El Niño-associated dry weather reduced overall 2015 crop production in Central America and the Caribbean, excluding Mexico, where a bumper crop was gathered. Large 2015 maize harvests are also estimated in South America, where plantings for the 2016 crops are expected to decline, mainly reflecting ample regional supplies and lower commodity prices.

    • El Niño continues to impact on global agriculture: Following El Niño-related dry weather that adversely affected 2015 crop production in parts of Asia, Central America and the Caribbean, and Oceania, developing dryness in Southern Africa has dampened early 2016 production prospects.

    • FAO estimates that, globally, 33 countries, including 26 in Africa, are in need of external assistance for food.


    0 0

    Source: Salesian Missions
    Country: Sierra Leone

    (MissionNewswire) Salesian Missions in Madrid, Spain recently released a report titled, Right to Protection of Children in Sierra Leone, that detailed a number of child rights violations that have been occurring in the country in the wake of the Ebola epidemic. According to the report, youth are dealing with the devastating repercussions of Ebola including forced child labor, child abuse and more than 12,000 children who have been left orphaned.

    Since the Ebola outbreak started, the World Health Organization has reported more than 14,000 Ebola cases in Sierra Leone and close to 4,000 deaths from the virus. The Salesian-run Don Bosco Fambul in Sierra Leone’s capital city, Freetown, is one of the country’s leading child-welfare organizations and was on the forefront of efforts to help prevent Ebola in local communities. Now the organization has turned its attention to helping care for children who have been left orphaned and assisting those whose rights have been violated.

    The Salesian Missions report found that 82 percent of Sierra Leone’s children between the ages of 4 and 12 have been victims of violent punishments. More than 70 percent of children between the ages of 5 and 14 are forced into child labor. Some 10,000 children are working in mines and many others are working in places where they are exploited and made to work for more than 12 hours a day. In addition, child abuse and teenage pregnancy have increased and hundreds of children have been accused of witchcraft and blamed for the deaths of their family members. The report notes that the lack of political commitment, family disintegration, loss of values and overall poverty have led to these child rights violations.

    “It is true that many things have been done to improve and protect children, but since the Ebola crisis, Sierra Leone has remained sorely tried and the facilities that care for children are weak,” says Ana Munoz, spokesperson the Salesian Missions Madrid. “Protecting the children and young people of Sierra Leone is the way to build a better country and a better future.”

    Don Bosco Fambul has been working for the prevention and detection of child rights violations as well as providing care and social integration for children and youth at-risk. Since 2010, the organization has provided a countrywide phone counseling service. At one time, nearly half the calls focused on teen relationship issues. Since the outbreak of Ebola in 2014, the counseling line has turned into a widely used resource for Ebola prevention and support.

    The organization began advertising its free hotline as a preventative defense against Ebola in May 2014 and youth were encouraged to call to access critical information about the virus. Since that time, more than 25,000 calls about Ebola have been answered and fielded. The data gathered as a result of the calls has helped the country’s national registration office identify Ebola hotspots and crisis regions. Through the hotline, Don Bosco Fambul brought hope to the children and adolescents of one of the poorest country in the world during a terrible time of crisis.

    Youth living on the streets in Freetown face emotional trauma and are in need of support, basic necessities and education. Providing crisis intervention services, long-term counseling, shelter, nutritious food and an education, Don Bosco Fambul has reached out to an estimated 2,500 street children in the region, many of whom had been abandoned by parents, the government and those who were supposed to protect them.

    In addition, Don Bosco Fambul has been running a Girls Shelter for the past two years. Here, professional social workers and pastoral workers provide crisis intervention and follow-up care for girls and young women who have been victims of sexual assault. Girls that access the shelter’s services are also able to attend educational programs that are a part of the broader Don Bosco Fambul network. These educational programs give young women the skills necessary to find and retain employment while working to empower them to overcome the discrimination they have faced and gain a greater awareness of their rights. After having suffered tremendous disadvantages and violence in their past, these opportunities for a brighter and more stable future have been welcomed.


    0 0

    Source: Médicos del Mundo
    Country: Liberia, Mali, Senegal, Sierra Leone

    Un año después de la declaración de España como país libre de ébola por la OMS

    El virus ha dejado más de 14.000 personas afectadas y casi 4.000 fallecidas en Sierra Leona y sigue activo en Liberia

    Madrid, 3 de diciembre de 2015.- Cerca de un centenar de especialistas en la lucha contra el ébola se reúnen mañana en Madrid convocados por Médicos del Mundo para afrontar el final de la epidemia -especialmente en Sierra Leona, el país donde concentra sus esfuerzos la ONG- y el comienzo de una nueva fase de reconstrucción del sistema sanitario del país.

    Sierra Leona es uno de los países con la expectativa de vida más baja del mundo y también uno de los que presenta peores índices de mortalidad infantil, con 1 de cada 9 niños/as que no alcanza el año de edad y 1 de cada 6 que no cumplirá cinco años. La mortalidad materna es también muy elevada, puesto que 1 de cada 91 mujeres pierde la vida durante el parto. Con un médico por cada 50.000 habitantes y un gasto sanitario de 9€ por persona y año, volver a levantar un sistema de salud profundamente dañado por el ébola no parece tarea fácil, cuando solo el 50% del personal sanitario está activo y casi el 75% de las y los habitantes considera que la situación de salud es peor que hace un año.

    La misión ébola de Médicos del Mundo en números La respuesta al ébola ha supuesto una de las mayores emergencias en la historia de Médicos del Mundo. Por los centros de aislamiento y tratamiento gestionados por la organización humanitaria han pasado 150 trabajadores/as internacionales y 300 locales, que han tratado a 103 pacientes con el virus y han cribado más de 300 casos sospechosos en los distritos de Koinadugu y Moyamba. Estimamos que 600.000 personas se han beneficiado de manera directa de nuestros programas sanitarios, lo que constituye el 10% de la población de Sierra Leona, además de las labores de prevención llevadas a cabo en Malí y Senegal, que alcanzaron a 57.000 personas

    Los resultados del trabajo conjunto
    Médicos del Mundo afrontó esta emergencia apostando con trabajar conjuntamente con otras organizaciones complementarias: Doctors of the World (la marca de Médicos del Mundo en el Reino Unido) -que aportaba su experiencia de trabajo con la cooperación británica, financiadora de la intervención-, las organizaciones Solidarité y Oxfam -que se encargaron de la gestión de agua y saneamiento- y equipos sanitarios noruegos y españoles.

    Un enfoque a largo plazo

    Médicos del Mundo llevaba trabajando en Sierra Leona desde 2001, donde ha llevado a cabo 14 proyectos diferentes, siempre con el objetivo de mejorar el sistema de salud del país y, a través de él, la vida de las personas. La comunidad internacional ha invertido más de 6.000 millones de euros sólo en combatir esta epidemia, cuando reformar los sistemas sanitarios de los tres países de África occidental más afectados hubiera costado apenas 1.500 millones. Éste es el trabajo de fondo por el que Médicos del Mundo apostó antes del ébola y por el que va a seguir apostando a partir de ahora.

    Sesión de presentación La jornada tendrá lugar mañana 4 de diciembre de 9h a 19h en la sede central de Médicos del Mundo (C/ Conde de Vilches, 15. 28028 Madrid).

    Materiales Vídeo: https://youtu.be/iIZ1UzH385w Informe ebola Sierra Leona (disponible bajo petición)

    Posibilidades de entrevistas

    Philip Lambiah Ngegba (enfermero, trabajador del ETC de Moyamba y superviviente de ébola).
    Manasseh Zebulun Mansary (ingeniero, trabajador histórico de Médicos del Mundo en Sierra Leona y responsable del holding center de Moyamba)
    Dr. Alfred Jabenitez Moosa (Distric Medical Officer de Moyamba) - cargo equivalente a director regional de Sanidad.
    Dr. Francis L. Oluwole Moses (District Medical Officer de Koinadugu) - cargo equivalente a director regional de Sanidad.
    José Félix Hoyo, responsable de Operaciones Internacionales de Médicos del Mundo


    0 0

    Source: European Commission Humanitarian Aid Office
    Country: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Côte d'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo

    0. MAJOR CHANGES SINCE PREVIOUS VERSION OF THE HIP

    Fifth modification as of 23/11/2015

    1. In the last four months, Boko Haram violence has intensified in North-East Nigeria and its neighboring countries Chad, Niger and Cameroon. Thousands of civilians have been killed, entire villages have been burnt and their livelihoods have been destroyed. Continuous attacks of suspected Boko Haram members have resulted in large population displacement, causing influxes of Nigerian refugees in neighboring countries and of IDPs inside each of the affected countries.

    Currently, around 2.5 million people in the Lake Chad Basin, with 2.23 million displaced in North-East Nigeria alone, have been forced to flee their villages and are in need of assistance; response by national authorities is poor or non-existent.

    Local populations that are hosting the displaced must be added to the number of beneficiaries, since their livelihoods have been stretched to the limit and their coping capacity seriously reduced.

    Therefore, in order to prevent a humanitarian crisis of larger dimensions, the ongoing emergency response must be reinforced urgently. An amount of 2 MEUR will be added to the HIP from the Operation Reserve to support complementary actions in Nigeria and Niger through new contracts, reinforcing those funded under the EDF "Boko Haram" regional decision, in order to contribute to increasing the provision of basic assistance to the affected population, particularly in food assistance, WASH and protection sectors.

    1. On 12 November 2013 a Contribution Agreement was signed between the Government of the Republic of Ivory Coast and the European Union, represented by its Directorate General Humanitarian aid and Civil protection, DG ECHO, for a total amount of EUR 18 015 982 for a project on strengthening the health system in Côte d'Ivoire ("Projet de renforcement du système de Santé de la Côte d'Ivoire – PRSS)" to improve quality and access to maternal and child health services (PRSS/ECHO). This is within the framework of the implementation of Debt Reduction – Development Contract (C2D) agreed between the Government of Côte d'Ivoire and the French Development Agency (AFD). The project aiming at improving quality and access to health care provided to pregnant women and children below 5 is taking place within the framework of the transition between the humanitarian response to the 2011 post electoral crisis in Côte d'Ivoire and the final recovery and sustainable development of the health services of the country, in particular in its Western part and the capital city, Abidjan. It was initially foreseen to share this amount over three successive HIPs from 2014 to 2016. The project is currently at end of the second year i.e. about two thirds of its implementation. In order to remain within the implementation dates mentioned in the Contribution Agreement and its annexes and to avoid unnecessary administrative burden to the partners, the amount foreseen for the HIP 2016, i.e. EUR 958 557 is transferred on the HIP 2015. The total amount of the HIP 2015 is currently EUR 126 155 021 and will be, with this modification, EUR 127 113 578. The total amount for the PRSS within the HIP 2015 is therefore EUR 4 458 557.
    2. On 30 September 2015, the Malian refugees living in the camp of Goudoubo, close to Dori in Burkina Faso, witnessed adverse weather conditions which damaged their shelters as well as numerous infrastructures. More than 482 household shelters were deteriorated, leaving 2,113 refugees without dwellings. Many families lost kitchen tools, jerry cans, clothes and other personal belongings and many facilities such as storing spaces, water tank, latrines have been deteriorated.

    Therefore, on the basis of the current level of needs as assessed by our partner, an amount of EUR 146 963 from the Natural disaster specific objective of financing Decision ECHO/WWD/BUD/2015/01000 needs to be shifted to the Man-made disaster specific objective to contribute to the rehabilitation of the water supply system, the provision of materials and non-food items to ensure proper sanitation, and of weather proof shelters.


    0 0

    Source: World Health Organization
    Country: Guinea, Italy, Liberia, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Spain, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America

    RÉSUMÉ

    • Une grappe de trois cas confirmés de maladie à virus Ebola a été notifiée au Libéria dans la semaine précédant le 22 novembre. Le premier cas notifié était un jeune garçon de 15 ans dépisté positif pour la maladie à virus Ebola après son admission le 19 novembre dans un établissement de santé de la zone du grand Monrovia. Il a ensuite été transféré vers un centre de traitement Ebola en même temps que cinq autres membres de sa famille. Deux autres membres de sa famille (son petit frère de 8 ans et son père de 40 ans) ont ensuite donné un test positif alors qu’ils étaient placés en isolement. Outre les membres de la famille, 149 contacts ont été recensés à ce jour, dont 10 agents de santé qui avaient eu des contacts étroits avec le jeune garçon de 15 ans avant son isolement. Les investigations pour déterminer l’origine de l’infection n’en sont qu’aux premiers stades. Le Libéria avait été déclaré exempt de transmission de la maladie à virus Ebola le 3 septembre 2015.

    • Le 7 novembre, l’OMS a déclaré que la Sierra Leone a atteint l’objectif 1 du cadre d’action de la phase 3, et le pays a entamé une période de 90 jours de surveillance soutenue qui devrait s’achever le 5 février 2016. Au 22 novembre, six jours se sont écoulés depuis qu’un deuxième échantillon sanguin consécutif est ressorti négatif pour le virus Ebola chez le dernier patient soigné pour Ebola en Guinée. Le dernier cas en Guinée a été notifié le 29 octobre 2015.

    • Les récents cas au Libéria soulignent l’importance de mesures de surveillance robustes pour garantir une détection rapide en cas de réintroduction ou de résurgence de la maladie à virus Ebola dans les zones épargnées. Pour atteindre le deuxième objectif du cadre d’action de la phase 3 (gérer les conséquences des risques résiduels d’Ebola et y riposter), la Guinée, le Libéria et la Sierra Leone ont tous mis en place des systèmes de surveillance permettant et aux agents de santé et au public de signaler aux autorités compétentes les cas de maladie ou les décès possiblement liés à Ebola. Dans la semaine précédant le 22 novembre, 29 176 alertes de ce type ont été enregistrées en Guinée, en provenance de l’ensemble de ses 34 préfectures.
      Ces données ne sont pas encore disponibles pour le Libéria. En Sierra Leone, 1420 alertes ont été enregistrées en provenance de l’ensemble des 14 districts au cours de la semaine précédant le 15 novembre (la dernière semaine pour laquelle des données sont disponibles).

    • Dans le cadre de la stratégie de surveillance d’Ebola dans chaque pays, des échantillons sanguins et des écouvillons oraux devraient être prélevés chez toute personne vivante ou décédée qui présente ou a présenté des symptômes évocateurs de la maladie à virus Ebola. Dans la semaine précédant le 22 novembre, neuf laboratoires opérationnels en Guinée ont analysé 670 échantillons nouveaux et répétés provenant de 16 des 34 préfectures guinéennes. Au total, 85 % des échantillons testés en Guinée étaient des écouvillons prélevés sur des personnes décédées. Inversement, 82 % des 930 échantillons nouveaux ou répétés qui ont été testés au Libéria au cours de cette période étaient des échantillons sanguins prélevés sur des patients vivants ; en outre, les 15 comtés du Libéria ont envoyé des échantillons dans les quatre laboratoires d’analyses opérationnels dans le pays. En Sierra Leone, 1240 nouveaux échantillons provenant des 14 districts sierra-léonais ont été recueillis et testés dans huit laboratoires opérationnels. Au total, 92 % des échantillons testés en Sierra Leone étaient des écouvillons prélevés sur des personnes décédées.

    • Dans la semaine précédant le 22 novembre, 793 décès communautaires ont été enregistrés en Guinée par l’intermédiaire du système d’alerte national. Cela représente environ 35 % des 2248 décès communautaires attendus, calculés à partir de l’estimation de la population et du taux de mortalité brut qui est de 11 décès pour 1000 personnes par an. Ces données ne sont pas encore disponibles pour le Libéria. En Sierra Leone, 1282 notifications de décès communautaires ont été reçues à travers le système d’alerte dans la semaine précédant le 15 novembre (la dernière semaine pour laquelle les données sont disponibles), ce qui représente environ 62 % des 2075 décès attendus chaque semaine d’après l’estimation de la population et le taux brut de mortalité qui s’élève à 17 décès pour 1000 personnes par an.


    0 0

    Source: World Health Organization
    Country: Guinea, Italy, Liberia, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Spain, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America

    RÉSUMÉ

    • Une grappe de trois cas confirmés de maladie à virus Ebola a été notifiée au Libéria dans la semaine précédant le 22 novembre. Le premier cas notifié était un jeune garçon de 15 ans dépisté positif pour la maladie à virus Ebola après son admission le 19 novembre dans un établissement de santé de la zone du grand Monrovia. Il a ensuite été transféré vers un centre de traitement Ebola en même temps que cinq autres membres de sa famille. Deux autres membres de sa famille (son petit frère de 8 ans et son père de 40 ans) ont ensuite donné un test positif alors qu’ils étaient placés en isolement. Outre les membres de la famille, 149 contacts ont été recensés à ce jour, dont 10 agents de santé qui avaient eu des contacts étroits avec le jeune garçon de 15 ans avant son isolement. Les investigations pour déterminer l’origine de l’infection n’en sont qu’aux premiers stades. Le Libéria avait été déclaré exempt de transmission de la maladie à virus Ebola le 3 septembre 2015.

    • Le 7 novembre, l’OMS a déclaré que la Sierra Leone a atteint l’objectif 1 du cadre d’action de la phase 3, et le pays a entamé une période de 90 jours de surveillance soutenue qui devrait s’achever le 5 février 2016. Au 22 novembre, six jours se sont écoulés depuis qu’un deuxième échantillon sanguin consécutif est ressorti négatif pour le virus Ebola chez le dernier patient soigné pour Ebola en Guinée. Le dernier cas en Guinée a été notifié le 29 octobre 2015.

    • Les récents cas au Libéria soulignent l’importance de mesures de surveillance robustes pour garantir une détection rapide en cas de réintroduction ou de résurgence de la maladie à virus Ebola dans les zones épargnées. Pour atteindre le deuxième objectif du cadre d’action de la phase 3 (gérer les conséquences des risques résiduels d’Ebola et y riposter), la Guinée, le Libéria et la Sierra Leone ont tous mis en place des systèmes de surveillance permettant et aux agents de santé et au public de signaler aux autorités compétentes les cas de maladie ou les décès possiblement liés à Ebola. Dans la semaine précédant le 22 novembre, 29 176 alertes de ce type ont été enregistrées en Guinée, en provenance de l’ensemble de ses 34 préfectures.
      Ces données ne sont pas encore disponibles pour le Libéria. En Sierra Leone, 1420 alertes ont été enregistrées en provenance de l’ensemble des 14 districts au cours de la semaine précédant le 15 novembre (la dernière semaine pour laquelle des données sont disponibles).

    • Dans le cadre de la stratégie de surveillance d’Ebola dans chaque pays, des échantillons sanguins et des écouvillons oraux devraient être prélevés chez toute personne vivante ou décédée qui présente ou a présenté des symptômes évocateurs de la maladie à virus Ebola. Dans la semaine précédant le 22 novembre, neuf laboratoires opérationnels en Guinée ont analysé 670 échantillons nouveaux et répétés provenant de 16 des 34 préfectures guinéennes. Au total, 85 % des échantillons testés en Guinée étaient des écouvillons prélevés sur des personnes décédées. Inversement, 82 % des 930 échantillons nouveaux ou répétés qui ont été testés au Libéria au cours de cette période étaient des échantillons sanguins prélevés sur des patients vivants ; en outre, les 15 comtés du Libéria ont envoyé des échantillons dans les quatre laboratoires d’analyses opérationnels dans le pays. En Sierra Leone, 1240 nouveaux échantillons provenant des 14 districts sierra-léonais ont été recueillis et testés dans huit laboratoires opérationnels. Au total, 92 % des échantillons testés en Sierra Leone étaient des écouvillons prélevés sur des personnes décédées.

    • Dans la semaine précédant le 22 novembre, 793 décès communautaires ont été enregistrés en Guinée par l’intermédiaire du système d’alerte national. Cela représente environ 35 % des 2248 décès communautaires attendus, calculés à partir de l’estimation de la population et du taux de mortalité brut qui est de 11 décès pour 1000 personnes par an. Ces données ne sont pas encore disponibles pour le Libéria. En Sierra Leone, 1282 notifications de décès communautaires ont été reçues à travers le système d’alerte dans la semaine précédant le 15 novembre (la dernière semaine pour laquelle les données sont disponibles), ce qui représente environ 62 % des 2075 décès attendus chaque semaine d’après l’estimation de la population et le taux brut de mortalité qui s’élève à 17 décès pour 1000 personnes par an.


    0 0

    Source: Government of Sierra Leone
    Country: Sierra Leone

     NEW CASES

    • New Confirmed cases = 0 as follows:

    Kailahun = 0, Kenema = 0, Kono = 0 Bombali = 0, Kambia = 0, Koinadugu = 0, Port Loko =0, Tonkolili = 0 Bo = 0, Bonthe = 0, Moyamba = 0 Pujehun = 0 Western Area Urban = 0, Western Area Rural = 0, Missing = 0

     DISCHARGED CASES = 4,051

     CUMULATIVE CASES = 8,704

     CUMULATIVE DEATHS =3,589

    • Suspected cases = 5,253

    0 0

    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: Sierra Leone

    Executive Summary

    During the reporting period, the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak led to a drastic turn of events that deeply affected Sierra Leone and overturned previous development gains. EVD came at a time when Sierra Leone was on an upward development trajectory and had made success in consolidating peace, stability and democratic governance. The country’s progress had been so impressive that even the United Nations Secretary-General referred to Sierra Leone as “an inspiring experience for international peace-building efforts,” on a visit in March 2014. By the end of July, however, the Government of Sierra Leone declared a state of emergency within the country, banning public gatherings and restricting the movement of people in the most affected areas. Aside from loss of life and the way the outbreak crushed the health-care system, EVD also made a considerable impact on the education sector and led to the indefinite closure of schools, as well as the postponement of the Basic Education Certificate Examination and the West African Senior Secondary Certificate Examination (WASSCE). The closure of schools negatively influenced the implementation of various Peacebuilding, Education and Advocacy (PBEA) activities and the delivery of education services to more than 1.8 million children. As of 31 December 2014, all 14 districts had dealt with reported cases of Ebola, and country health officials confirmed 7,476 cases and 2,461 deaths.

    In spite of the emergency situation and suspension of some activities, several PBEA projects continued to provide peacebuilding and education support to communities, and made gains towards meeting 2014 targets.


    0 0

    Source: US Agency for International Development
    Country: Guinea, Sierra Leone, World

    SECTOR OVERVIEW

    Humanitarian coordination and information management are crucial elements of a cohesive and effective disaster response. Humanitarian coordination brings together relevant national, regional, and international actors and ensures common understanding of urgent needs and response gaps, while information management enables data and information to be collected, processed, analyzed, and packaged in a form that is useful for emergency responders. Activities include assessing situations and needs, developing common response strategies, performing gap analysis, and monitoring the impact and outcomes of activities—all with the aim of ensuring greater predictability and accountability among humanitarian actors.

    USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) engages with non-governmental organizations (NGOs), the UN, and other donors and actors to support humanitarian coordination and information management during emergencies and participates in the humanitarian cluster system, which facilitates the coordination of humanitarian activities in emergency settings. In Fiscal Year (FY) 2015, USAID/OFDA provided more than $107.5 million for humanitarian coordination and information management programs worldwide.


older | 1 | .... | 255 | 256 | (Page 257) | 258 | 259 | .... | 346 | newer