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ReliefWeb - Updates on Sierra Leone

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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: Sierra Leone

    Highlights

    • Ministry of Health and Sanitation staff and partners were trained on implementation of the stunting prevention pilot in Moyamba district.

    • Homeless storm victims received food assistance in Mile 91 town of Tonkolili district in northern Sierra Leone.

    • WFP, in collaboration with the national disaster management authority, Red Cross and Save the Children, provided food and non-food items to households affected by fire and host families sheltering them in Susan’s Bay area of the capital Freetown.

    Operational Updates

    • In collaboration with the national disaster management authority and other partners, WFP provided a two-week food ration to 713 people from 71 households affected by a recent tornado storm that unroofed scores of buildings in Mile 91 town, in Tonkolili district, northern Sierra Leone.

    • WFP alongside the national disaster management authority also delivered a one-month food ration to households displaced by fire and their host families sheltering them in Susan’s Bay area of the capital Freetown. Red Cross and Save the Children provided non-food items.

    • Ministry of Health and Sanitation staff and NGO partners were trained on implementation of the stunting prevention pilot in Moyamba district. The programme aims at reaching 17,000 children aged 6-23 months and 18,600 pregnant and nursing women in the 14 chiefdoms of Moyamba district in 2017.

    Challenges

    • Livelihood activities were delayed due to prerequisite assessments and verifications have now started, though distribution tonnages are still low. Improvement in the figures will be realised when work starts in earnest.

    • Poor mobile coverage and incorrect phone numbers resulted in difficulty contacting some beneficiaries by phone within catchment areas of peripheral health facilities during the post distribution monitoring exercise for the HIV/TB programme.

    Partnerships

    • WFP and implementing partners including World Vision International, Pure Heart Foundation and Child Fund, held their quarterly cooperating partners meeting wherein implementation updates were shared and operational challenges discussed. The accuracy and timely submission of monthly reports/invoices were among the issues highlighted.

    • WFP developed implementation agreements for asset creation activities in collaboration with the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food Security in Bombali, Kambia, Kailahun, Kenema, Port Loko and Pujehun districts.


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    Source: World Health Organization
    Country: Burundi, Cabo Verde, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Guinea, Liberia, Madagascar, Niger, Nigeria, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Togo, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Overview

    • This weekly bulletin focuses on selected public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African region. The WHO Regional Office is currently monitoring 41 events: three Grade 3, seven Grade 2, five Grade 1, and 26 ungraded events.

    • This weekly update focuses on key ongoing events in the region, the grade 3 humanitarian crises in Nigeria and South Sudan, the grade 2 outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in the Democratic Republic of Congo, outbreaks of dengue fever in Cote d’Ivoire,
      Lassa fever in Nigeria and an outbreak of typhoid fever in Zambia.

    • For each of these events, a brief description followed by public health measures implemented and an interpretation of the situation is provided.

    • A table is provided at the end of the report with information on all public health events currently being monitored in the region.

    • Major challenges to be addressed include:

    • Effective preparedness for prevention and rapid control of future outbreaks
    • The impact of the security situation on effective response


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    Source: UN News Service
    Country: Burkina Faso, Chad, Côte d'Ivoire, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Togo, World

    5 juin 2017 – Au 51e sommet de la Communauté économique des Etats d'Afrique de l'Ouest (CEDEAO) qui s'est tenu dimanche à Monrovia, au Libéria, le Représentant spécial du Secrétaire général pour la région, Mohamed Ibn Chambas, a appelé les Etats membres de l'organisation régionale à rester mobilisés sur les questions de paix et de sécurité, sans négliger le développement et les droits de l'homme.

    En présence du Président gambien « dûment élu », Adama Barrow, le chef du Bureau des Nations Unies pour l'Afrique de l'Ouest et le Sahel (UNOWAS) a salué la transition démocratique en Gambie qu'il a qualifiée de « triomphe des efforts collectifs ». Il a également félicité la Côte d'Ivoire pour son élection en tant que membre du Conseil de sécurité.

    « Même si nous célébrons nos réussites, nous devons reconnaître que les sources de préoccupation subsistent », a toutefois prévenu M. Chambas.

    « Nous devons inverser l'état de non-droit qui afflete une grande partie du Sahel, créant des zones entièrement ingouvernables où la présence de l'État peut difficilement être ressentie », a-t-il dit, soulignant que malgré la vigilance, le crime organisé, les prédicateurs de haine et les trafiquants de stupéfiants, de personnes et d'armes continuent de traverser les frontières.

    Le Représentant spécial a rappelé que le vide sécuritaire à travers le Sahel a produit deux forces qui s'opposent : d'une part, les extrémistes violents et les réseaux criminels sont en concurrence pour combler le vide. D'autre part, cela a conduit les communautés locales à s'armer pour protéger leurs familles, leurs terres et leurs biens, y compris leur bétail.

    « Face à de telles lacunes, les gens se tournent vers les liens primordiaux de la langue et de la lignée pour rechercher la protection au sein des groupes, même s'ils ne sont pas d'accord avec leurs idéologies extrémistes qui menacent de déchirer les communautés », a dit M. Chambas. « Nous devons continuer de faire tout notre possible pour éviter, à tout prix, que la quête de la sécurité ne se transforme en conflit et en davantage de violence criminelle ».

    Pas de sécurité et de stabilité durable sans développement durable, inclusif et juste

    Le Représentant spécial a salué les mesures prises par le Niger, le Mali et le Burkina Faso pour renforcer leur collaboration et s'est dit impressionné par leurs efforts, avec le Tchad et la Mauritanie, pour mettre en place la Force commune G5-Sahel pour combattre leurs ennemis communs.

    M. Chambas a souligné que les Nations Unies restaient « résolues à travailler avec les pays du G5-Sahel dans la mise en œuvre de la Stratégie intégrée des Nations Unies pour le Sahel autour de ses piliers de gouvernance, de sécurité, de résilience et de développement ».

    Le Représentant spécial a salué la libération de 82 filles qui avaient été capturées par Boko Haram dans la ville de Chibok, l'accélération de la reconstruction, les efforts militaires concertés des pays du bassin du lac Tchad (Nigéria, Niger, Cameroun et Tchad), les succès militaires de la Force multinationale mixte, ainsi que la détermination du peuple et du gouvernement de Nigéria.

    « Les Nations Unies continueront de soutenir ces initiatives. Nous ne pouvons pas baisser la garde », a dit l'envoyé de l'ONU.

    Pour lui, la question d'un développement juste est cruciale pour consolider les gains en termes de paix et de sécurité. « Ne pas fournir des services de base et des possibilités de moyens de subsistance viables dans les zones touchées risque de réduire nos succès récents contre Boko Haram », a-t-il prévenu. Selon lui, alors que les extrémistes continuent sévir, « nous devons redoubler d'efforts pour travailler ensemble et partager le renseignement, renforcer la coopération transfrontalière et gagner la confiance des communautés ».

    Le chef d'UNOWAS s'est également dit encouragé par la détermination de plusieurs gouvernements de l'Afrique de l'Ouest à s'attaquer à la menace de la corruption. « Il est important pour les États de promouvoir une meilleure gouvernance transparente, un développement inclusif, fournir des infrastructures, répondre aux besoins sociaux de base tels que la santé et l'éducation, et lutter contre l'injustice et l'impunité », a dit M. Chambas, qui s'est réjoui des efforts déployés par les pays de la région pour moderniser les institutions de gouvernance.

    Poursuivre la consolidation des efforts démocratiques

    Le Représentant spécial a fait part des encouragements de l'ONU envers la poursuite du dialogue en Guinée et au Togo afin de « briser des impasses politiques de longue date et à consolider la paix et la démocratie ».

    Il a salué la déclaration conjointe des partis politiques libériens en faveur d'une élection présidentielle libre et non violente prévue en octobre et dit espéré que la Sierra Leone progressera également avec la tenue d'élections « libres, justes et crédibles » en mars 2018.

    Il a également demandé instamment aux parties prenantes en Guinée-Bissau d'accélérer leurs consultations afin de mettre fin à la paralysie prolongée du gouvernement.

    Pour le Représentant spécial, les événements récents en Côte d'Ivoire ont encore montré que le leadership politique, la réconciliation nationale, la lutte contre l'impunité et la réforme du secteur de la sécurité doivent aller de pair. « Nous sommes tous d'accord pour dire que mettre le secteur de la sécurité sous un contrôle démocratique complet doit être une priorité », a-t-il rappelé.


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    Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
    Country: Algeria, Benin, Chad, Côte d'Ivoire, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Liberia, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Togo, Tunisia, Western Sahara, Yemen

    Situation Generale en mai 2017

    Prevision jusqu'a'mi-juillet 2017

    La situation relative au Criquet pelerin a continue a etre calme en mai. Des mesures de lutte preventive ont 6t6 entreprises au Maroc et en Algerie contre quelques petits groupes larvaires. Des pluies exceptionnelles sont tombees le long des deux rives de la mer Rouge, de bonnes pluies sont tombees sur la Corne de l'Afrique et dans l'interieur du Yemen, et des pluies saisonnieres pr6coces sont tombees dans des aires de reproduction estivale du Sahel d'Afrique de l'ouest et le long de la frontiere indo-pakistanaise. Pendant la periode de prevision, les reproductions estivales debuteront a petite echelle dans le nord du Sahel de la Mauritanie a l'ouest de l'Erythree, ainsi que le long de la frontiere indo-pakistanaise. Des reproductions pourront aussi avoir lieu dans l'interieur du Yemen et il existe un risque exceptionnel d'une reproduction limitee sur la cote de la mer Rouge au Yemen, en Arabie saoudite et en trythree.

    Region occidentale. La situation est restee calme dans la Region en mai. De petits groupes larvaires ont ete traites dans les aires de reproduction printaniere au sud des monts Atlas au Maroc (443 ha) et en Algerie (267 ha) dans le cadre d'une lutte preventive. Des pluies precoces sont tombees dans des parties du nord du Mali et du Niger. Pendant la periode de prevision, on s'attend a ce que les pluies saisonnieres debutent dans les aires de reproduction estivale du sud de la Mauritanie, du nord du Mali et du Niger et du centre du Tchad. En consequence, les criquets, initialement en faibles effectifs, vont probablement se reproduire a petite echelle dans les zones qui recevront des pluies. Des prospections regulieres devraient commencer et se poursuivre tout au long de l'ete.


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Angola, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Kenya, Nigeria, Pakistan, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Yemen, Zimbabwe


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    Source: Welthungerhilfe
    Country: Iraq, Nepal, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, World

    What we achieve

    Since its establishment in 1962, Welthungerhilfe has supported 8,517 international projects with approximately 3.27 billion euros, including 6,120 self-help projects.

    Zero hunger for 8.4 million people - men, women and children - Welthungerhilfe made this possible in 39 countries with 407 international projects* in 2016 alone. In real terms that means: People could survive, many are harvesting more crops, they can better feed themselves, now have clean drinking water and toilets where they live, they are less ill, can generate an income or surpluses or can begin education. For children, the support of Welthungerhilfe means the chance for healthy physical and mental development.


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    Source: World Health Organization
    Country: Sierra Leone

    Today Sierra Leone kicked off bed net distributions to help protect its population against malaria, which remains one of the country’s most deadly diseases. In total, 4.3 million insecticide treated bed nets will be distributed through the landmark nationwide campaign.

    At a national event in Makeni district, the initiative was launched by the country’s Vice President Victor Foh along with UN, NGOs and community partners. Aminata Bangura, who is the mother of a one year old child, was the first to receive one of the free bed nets. She says she is pleased to receive the net, as she sees a vast number of children in her community getting sick from malaria.

    “The free bed nets are very important to use everywhere in the country," she said. "Almost everyone here has been affected by malaria. The bed nets are essential because they will save women and their families from the terrible experience of losing a child.”

    Tackling malaria in Sierra Leone

    Sierra Leone is one of the most severely malaria-burdened nations in Africa, with its entire population of 7 million people at risk of the disease. The World Health Organization estimates that every year, malaria kills over 5000 children under 5 years of age in the country. It also contributes to life-threatening complications among pregnant women.

    For these reasons, efforts to end maternal and child mortality will depend on winning the battle against malaria, and treated bed nets are undoubtedly one of the most effective tools for prevention.

    For many people, the realities of malaria are all too real. Fatmata Kamara, 43, lost two of her children to the disease. She says that she will do everything in her power to protect the rest of her family and talk to people about the importance of using the net. “For me I will always make sure all of us are sleeping under the net all the time. The government and its partners are helping us with these nets, and we will also do our part so that we can keep our children alive.”

    Putting the campaign into action

    With support from partners, households will receive vouchers which they can exchange for the nets, and demonstrations will be given so that they are educated about their proper use and maintenance. Community engagement is also ongoing to encourage people to sleep under the nets every night, everywhere, and educate people on the health risks associated with the disease.

    The campaign is being led by the Ministry of Health and Sanitation with support from UK aid, the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria, the European Union, UNICEF and the World Health Organization.


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    Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
    Country: Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burundi, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Togo, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    CONTEXTE

    La chenille légionnaire d’automne (Spodoptera frugiperda) est un insecte ravageur qui attaque plus de 80 espèces de plantes, causant des dégâts à des céréales d’importance économique telles que le maïs, le riz et le sorgho, mais aussi aux cultures maraîchères et au coton.

    Elle est originaire des régions tropicales et subtropicales des Amériques. Adulte, elle peut se déplacer jusqu’à plus de 100 km par nuit. Elle pond des œufs sur les plantes, qui éclosent sous forme de larves et commencent à attaquer les plantes. De fortes infestations peuvent entraîner des pertes de rendement importantes. Les agriculteurs des Amériques ont géré le parasite pendant de nombreuses années, mais à un coût important.

    Nature de la menace et sa propagation en Afrique

    La légionnaire d’automne a été signalée pour la première fois en Afrique centrale et occidentale au début de 2016 (Sao Tomé-et-Principe, Nigeria, Bénin et Togo), puis à la fin de 2016 et en 2017 en Afrique du Sud, en Angola, au Botswana, au Burundi, en Côte d’Ivoire, en Éthiopie, au Ghana, au Kenya, au Malawi, au Mozambique, en Namibie, au Niger, en Ouganda, en République démocratique du Congo, au Rwanda, en Sierra Leone, en Tanzanie, en Zambie et au Zimbabwe, et l’on s’attend à ce qu’elle soit signalée dans d’autres pays.

    Bien qu’il soit trop tôt pour savoir l’impact à long terme de la légionnaire d’automne sur la production agricole et la sécurité alimentaire en Afrique, elle risque de causer de dommages et pertes de rendement importants.

    La légionnaire d’automne ne peut être éliminée en Afrique. Les eorts d’éradication à grande échelle ne sont ni appropriés ni réalisables. Recueillir et analyser les expériences et meilleures pratiques des Amériques aideront à concevoir et à essayer un programme de lutte durable contre la légionnaire d’automne en faveur des petits exploitants en Afrique.

    L’intervention immédiate de la FAO contre la chenille légionnaire d’automne

    La FAO a pris des mesures immédiates pour aider les pays à réagir à la menace que représente la légionnaire d’automne en Afrique. Une réunion consultative a eu lieu à Harare au Zimbabwe (du 14 au 16 février 2017) avec des représentants des gouvernements et des parties prenantes d’Afrique australe pour faire le point sur la situation actuelle et soutenir la planification des situations d’urgence et l’intervention rapide pour la lutte contre ce parasite. La FAO a entrepris une série d’actions rapides, tels que l’élaboration d’un guide technique pour l’identification de la légionnaire d’automne, les protocoles d’évaluation des niveaux d’infestation et des dommages, et des recommandations pour les options de lutte, y compris le soutien aux gouvernements dans l’élaboration des plans d’action, et ces informations ont été partagées avec les pays.

    Deux autres réunions sur la légionnaire d’automne, une pour la région de la SADC, qui fait suite à la réunion consultative de Harare, et une (dénommée «All Africa») organisée conjointement par la FAO, AGRA et CIMMYT, s’est tenue à Nairobi (du 25 au 28 avril 2017). La réunion «All Africa» a réuni des partenaires des gouvernements, des institutions de recherche et de développement aux niveaux national, régional et international, des milieux universitaires et des organismes donateurs, ainsi que des représentants du secteur privé. La réunion a abouti à un ensemble de points d’action et de recommandations visant à combler les lacunes en matière de recherche, à avoir plus de connaissances sur les changements comportementaux et biologiques du ravageur selon le contexte écologique africain, au suivi, à l’alerte précoce et aux prévisions, à la planification d’urgence, à l’évaluation d’impact et aux mesures à court, à moyen et à long terme pour la lutte contre ce parasite. Les participants à la réunion ont également convenu que la FAO devrait jouer le rôle de coordinatrice principale dans la lutte contre la légionnaire d’automne en Afrique.

    L’appui de la FAO aux gouvernements et aux agriculteurs pour lutter contre la légionnaire d’automne

    La FAO s’engage activement à aider les pays Membres, des associations de producteurs agricoles et des agriculteurs individuels à lutter de manière durable contre la légionnaire d’automne grâce aux mesures suivantes:

    Mesures à court terme

    Dans le court terme, la FAO grâce à la coopération Sud-Sud apportera l’expertise et les connaissances acquises de sources pertinentes et les adaptera à l’Afrique.

    Ces connaissances serviront à élaborer un programme de lutte durable en faveur des agriculteurs qui prendra en compte les éléments recommandés. Une attention particulière sera accordée aux recommandations concernant l’utilisation ciblée de pesticides et l’utilisation des méthodes de lutte biologique.

    Les recommandations seront mises en pratique à titre d’essai et adaptées aux conditions locales en Afrique à travers les écoles d’agriculture de terrain que la FAO appuie. Ainsi, les agriculteurs et les communautés mèneront une recherche appliquée afin de préciser les recommandations sur la lutte durable contre le ravageur.

    Du matériel éducatif et de communication sera produit dans les langues locales et distribué, ainsi que des messages clés pour diusion sur les stations de radio locales.

    Les programmes communautaires de lutte intégrée contre les ravageurs seront mis en œuvre, selon une approche agro-écosystémique et en utilisant les écoles d’agriculture de terrain.

    Voir Annexe A sur l’utilisation des pesticides.

    Mesures à moyen terme

    Dans le moyen terme, la FAO appuiera les pays africains pour parvenir à une meilleure compréhension et connaissance sur la lutte durable contre la légionnaire d’automne grâce aux programmes régionaux de surveillance, la consolidation des connaissances sur les modes de développement et l’écologie de la légionnaire d’automne en Afrique, ainsi qu’en fournissant des données fiables sur les pertes de rendement et l’impact socio-économique:

    La FAO appuiera les pays africains pour élaborer des approches appropriées de lutte contre la légionnaire d’automne.

    La coopération Sud-Sud sera renforcée pour pleinement intégrer l’expérience des Amériques dans les mesures de lutte à long terme contre le légionnaire d’automne en Afrique. Il y a de nombreux agriculteurs, chercheurs et agents de vulgarisation qui possèdent une vaste expérience dans le domaine de la lutte contre la légionnaire d’automne dans les Amériques.

    Voir Annexe B sur l’utilisation d’organismes génétiquement modifiés.

    Mesures à long terme (intégrant les résultats de recherche pertinents)

    L’élaboration de solutions à long terme doit être basée sur l’utilisation d’une approche véritablement agro-écosystémique de lutte contre la légionnaire d’automne, sur la base des expériences des Amériques et l’intégration des résultats de recherche pertinents.

    Développer des systèmes agricoles durables en utilisant des technologies innovantes de lutte intégrée contre les ravageurs avec l’accent sur les mesures préventives et une attention particulière sur les pratiques agronomiques, l’utilisation de variétés adaptées et tolérantes/résistantes qui soient testées, des programmes globaux de lutte biologique qui combinent l’importation et la dissémination d’organismes prouvés utiles des Amériques (à condition que les enquêtes de pré-dissémination ont été menées à bien) pour renforcer les ennemis naturels indigènes, qui seront complétés avec des technologies innovantes de surveillance des ravageurs et de prévision.


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    Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
    Country: Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Guinea, Haiti, Iraq, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Syrian Arab Republic, Uganda, World, Yemen, Zimbabwe

    Food insecurity strains deepen amid civil conflict and drought

    FAO report notes heavy toll of disrupted farming, higher prices and displaced livelihoods

    8 June 2017, Rome-- Large agricultural harvests in some regions of the world are buoying global food supply conditions, but protracted fighting and unrest are increasing the ranks of the displaced and hungry elsewhere, according to the new edition of FAO's Crop Prospects and Food Situation report.

    Some 37 countries, 28 of which are in Africa, require external assistance for food, according to the report.

    Civil conflict continues to be a main driver of severe food insecurity, having triggered famine conditions in South Sudan and put populations in Yemen and northern Nigeria at high risk of localized famine. Adverse weather conditions are exacerbating the threat of famine in Somalia. Refugees from civil strife in countries such as Iraq, Syria and Central African Republic are putting additional pressure on local food supplies in host communities, the report notes.

    Some 5.5 million people are estimated to be severely food insecure in South Sudan, where maize and sorghum prices are now four times higher than in April 2016. In Somalia, about 3.2 million people are in need of food and agricultural emergency assistance, while in Yemen the figure is as high as 17 million. In northern Nigeria, disruption caused by the conflict has left 7.1 million people facing acute food insecurity in the affected areas, with even more deemed to be in less dire but still "stressed" conditions.

    The 37 countries currently in need of external food assistance are Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guinea, Haiti, Iraq, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Syria, Uganda, Yemen and Zimbabwe.

    Southern Africa rebounds, East Africa is parched

    While worldwide cereal output is near record levels, production outcomes are mixed across the globe. South America is expected to post strong increases, led by Brazil and Argentina.

    Regional production in Southern Africa is expected to jump by almost 45 percent compared to 2016 when crops were affected by El Niño, with record maize harvests forecast in South Africa and Zambia. This should help reducing food insecurity in several countries such as Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland and Zimbabwe.

    The overall food supply situation in the Sahel region is also satisfactory after two consecutive years of bumper crops, the report notes.

    East Africa, however, has suffered from insufficient rainfall at the start of the 2017 season, fall armyworm infestations and local conflicts. As a result, a record 26.5 million people in the sub-region are estimated to be in need of humanitarian assistance, and the situation could be aggravated further in the coming months as the lean season peaks. An estimated 7.8 million people are food insecure in Ethiopia, where drought has dented crop and pasture output in southern regions.

    Moreover, cereal domestic prices reached exceptionally high levels in May, with the local cost of maize jumping by as much as 65 percent this year in parts of Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda, the report noted.

    A severe drought in Sri Lanka, followed by heavy rains and local flooding in late May, will likely reduce the country's paddy production by nearly a third compared to the average; a joint FAO/WFP Crop and Food Security Assessment Mission was fielded in March 2017 to assess the drought impact and the results are expected to be released next week.

    Cereal output in the 54 Low-Income Food-Deficit Countries (LIFDCs) is set to rise by 1.3 percent this year to 480 million tonnes, due to a strong performance in India and the rebound in Southern African countries, according to FAO's forecasts.


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    Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
    Country: Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Guinea, Haiti, Iraq, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Syrian Arab Republic, Uganda, World, Yemen, Zimbabwe

    Le rapport de la FAO souligne des pertes importantes dues à la perturbation des activités agricoles, à la hausse des prix et au déplacement des moyens d’existence

    09 juin 2017, Rome - Selon le dernier rapport de la FAO sur les Perspectives de récolte et la situation alimentaire, les bonnes récoltes agricoles obtenues dans certaines régions du monde ont permis de maintenir les stocks alimentaires mondiaux, mais les crises prolongées et les troubles ont contribué à gonfler les rangs des personnes déplacées et souffrant de la faim ailleurs.

    Toujours d'après le rapport, quelques 37 pays, dont 26 en Afrique, ont besoin d'aide alimentaire externe.

    Le rapport indique également que les conflits civils sont toujours le principal facteur conduisant à une situation d'insécurité alimentaire grave, comme cela est le cas au Soudan du Sud où sévit la famine, ainsi qu'au Yémen et dans le Nord du Nigéria où il existe un risque élevé de famine localisée. Les mauvaises conditions météorologiques tendent à aggraver le risque de famine en Somalie. Les réfugiés ayant fui les troubles civils dans des pays tels que l'Irak, la Syrie et la République centrafricaine exercent une pression supplémentaire sur les stocks alimentaires des communautés hôtes.

    Selon les estimations, près de 5,5 millions de personnes sont en situation d'insécurité alimentaire grave au Soudan du Sud, où les prix du maïs et du sorgho sont quatre fois plus élevés qu'en avril 2016. En Somalie, près de 3,2 millions de personnes ont besoin d'une aide alimentaire et agricole d'urgence, tandis qu'ils sont 17 millions à en avoir besoin au Yémen.

    Dans le Nord du Nigéria, 7,1 millions de personnes sont confrontées à une insécurité alimentaire grave, en raison des perturbations provoquées par les conflits, et sans doute davantage seront amenés à connaître une situation moins désastreuse mais feront face à des conditions «stressantes».

    Les 37 pays ayant actuellement besoin d'une aide alimentaire extérieure sont: l'Afghanistan, le Burkina Faso, le Burundi, le Cameroun, la République centrafricaine, le Tchad, le Congo, la République populaire démocratique de Corée, la République démocratique du Congo, Djibouti, l'Erythrée, l'Ethiopie, la Guinée, Haïti, l'Irak, le Kenya, le Lesotho, le Libéria, la Libye, Madagascar, le Malawi, le Mali, la Mauritanie, le Mozambique, la Birmanie, le Niger, le Nigéria, le Pakistan, la Sierra Leone, la Somalie, le Soudan du Sud, le Soudan, le Swaziland, la Syrie, l'Ouganda, le Yémen et le Zimbabwe.

    L'Afrique australe connaît un rebond alors que l'Afrique de l'est se dessèche

    Alors que la production mondiale de céréales a presque atteint un niveau record, les résultats de production sont mitigés à travers le monde. L'Amérique du Sud devrait enregistrer une forte hausse grâce au Brésil et à l'Argentine.

    La production régionale en Afrique australe devrait connaître un bond de presque 45 pour cent par rapport à 2016, lorsque les cultures avaient été affectées par le phénomène climatique El Niño, avec des prévisions de récoltes record de maïs en Afrique du Sud et en Zambie. Cela devrait notamment contribuer à réduire l'insécurité alimentaire dans plusieurs pays tels que le Lesotho, le Malawi, le Mozambique, le Swaziland et le Zimbabwe.

    Le rapport indique que, d'un point de vue général, la situation des stocks alimentaires dans la région du Sahel est également satisfaisante après deux années consécutives de récoltes exceptionnelles.

    L'Afrique de l'est, en revanche, a pâtit des précipitations insuffisantes au début de la saison 2017, des infestations de vers légionnaires d'automne et des conflits locaux. Selon les estimations, de ce fait, 26,5 millions de personnes dans la sous-région devraient avoir besoin d'une aide humanitaire et la situation pourrait s'aggraver davantage d'ici les prochains moins, lors du pic de la saison creuse. Près de 7,8 millions de personnes sont en situation d'insécurité alimentaire en Ethiopie, où la sécheresse a abîmé les cultures et le pâturage dans les régions du sud du pays.

    Le rapport note que les prix des céréales au niveau national ont atteint des niveaux exceptionnellement élevés en mai, avec le coût du maïs augmentant de 65 pour cent cette année dans plusieurs régions du Kenya, de la Tanzanie et de l'Ouganda.

    Une grave sécheresse au Sri Lanka, suivie de fortes pluies et d'inondations locales à la fin du mois de mai auront probablement pour effet de réduire la production nationale de riz paddy de près d'un tiers par rapport à sa moyenne. Une mission d'évaluation conjointe de la FAO et du PAM, visant à évaluer les perspectives de récoltes et la sécurité alimentaire, a été menée en mars 2017. Il s'agissait également d'évaluer l'impact de la sécheresse. Les résultats devraient être publiés la semaine prochaine.

    Selon les prévisions de la FAO, la production de céréales dans les 54 pays à faible revenu et à déficit vivrier (LIFDCs) devrait augmenter d'1,3 pour cent cette année pour atteindre les 480 millions de tonnes, et ce, en raison d'une bonne performance en Inde et d'une relance de la production dans plusieurs pays d'Afrique australe.


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    Source: World Health Organization
    Country: Burundi, Cabo Verde, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Guinea, Liberia, Madagascar, Niger, Nigeria, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Togo, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Overview

    • This weekly update focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African region. WHO AFRO is currently monitoring 41 events: four Grade 3, seven Grade 2, four Grade 1, and 26 ungraded events.

    • This weekly update focuses on key ongoing events in the region, the Grade 3 humanitarian crises in South Sudan and Ethiopia, the Grade 2 outbreaks of Ebola virus disease in the Democratic Republic of Congo and meningitis in Nigeria, and necrotising cellulitis in Sao Tome and Principe, hepatitis E and meningitis outbreaks in Niger and the adverse event following immunization (AEFI) for measles in South Sudan.

    • For each of these events, a brief description followed by public health measures implemented and an interpretation of the situation is provided.

    • A table is provided at the end of the report with information on all public health events currently being monitored in the region.

    • Major challenges to be addressed include:

    • Timely communication of public health information

    • Maintaining best practice healthcare protocols during emergencies


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    Source: UN Development Programme, UN Department of Political Affairs
    Country: Bangladesh, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, Comoros, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Georgia, Germany, Guinea, Guyana, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Maldives, Moldova, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, World

    This Annual Report highlights the impact of the Joint UNDP-DPA Programme on Building National Capacities for Conflict Prevention. In 2016, the Joint Programme provided support to 45 countries, including through the deployment of Peace and Development Advisors. This report provides an overview of the variety of contexts in which the Programme has engaged in, with notable results achieved strengthening peace architectures and insider mediators in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Togo; establishment of early warning systems in Cameroon and the Caribbean; as well as engagement with women and youth groups in Burundi, Malawi and the Maldives.

    Since 2004, this partnership between UNDP and DPA, and increasingly PBSO, has proven itself to be an innovative and collaborative initiative that successfully enhances joint UN conflict prevention and peacebuilding efforts. The Joint Programme has engaged in over 50 countries and provided catalytic support to UN Resident Coordinators and to UN Country Teams, working to strengthen national and local capacities for conflict prevention, including through support to infrastructures for peace, dialogue, mediation, and reconciliation initiatives.


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    Source: World Health Organization
    Country: Angola, Cabo Verde, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Uganda, World

    Executive Summary

    The Regional Director is pleased to present this report on the work of WHO in the African Region for the period October 2015 to June 2016. The report outlines the significant achievements made under the six categories in the 12th General Programme of Work in supporting Member States in the African Region in health development. It reflects contributions from WHO country offices and the Regional Office, including the three Intercountry Support Teams.

    Successful interruption of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) transmission and improvement of health security

    The longest and most severe EVD epidemic in known human history was stopped in West Africa in December 2015 after an intensive and sustained response by governments, civil society and development partners, including the UN system. At the height of the epidemic in August-September 2014, an average of 150-200 cases per week were being reported. By the end of 2015, only a few cases were being reported, with that plateau continuing into 2016. Based on the recommendations of the IHR Emergency Committee, the WHO Director-General lifted the declaration of the EVD epidemic as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern on 29 March 2016.
    By then, a total of 28 616 confirmed, probable and suspected cases had been reported in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone, with 11 310 deaths.

    Sierra Leone declared the end of Ebola human-to-human transmission on 17 March 2016 and Guinea on 1 June 2016, following the last flare-ups. Liberia first declared the end of Ebola human-to-human transmission on 9 May 2016, but thereafter new cases reemerged three more times in the country.

    The end of the last flare-up of EVD in Liberia was declared on 9 June 2016. No cases subsequently emerged over a 90-day period of heightened surveillance which ensured that any new cases would be identified quickly and contained before spreading.

    The swift containment of the flare-ups indicates that capacity has been built in these countries. Vigilance continues to be maintained in all three countries to prevent, detect and respond to suspected cases, as the risk of additional flare-ups from exposure to infected body fluids of survivors remains.

    WHO and partners continue to work with the Governments of Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone to help ensure that survivors have access to medical and psychosocial care and screening for persistence of the virus, as well as counselling and education to help them reintegrate into family and community life, reduce stigma and minimize the risk of Ebola virus transmission. WHO is also collaborating with partners to support the countries to restore and strengthen key public health programmes, especially maternal and child health.

    Continued focus on preparedness and swift response to epidemics

    WHO continued to work with Member States and partners to improve national capacity for preparedness and response, notably by conducting a regional risk analysis and mapping exercise. The most vulnerable countries are receiving support to strengthen preparedness and to develop national plans and road maps towards achieving and sustaining the IHR core capacities. WHO is working with several global initiatives on health security, and there is ongoing advocacy for coordinated action among Members States and partners to improve preparedness, alert and response, and to strengthen crosscountry and cross-institutional collaboration.

    Member States are expected to commit domestic resources to implement the priority interventions, since national health security is the primary responsibility of governments.

    WHO has worked with the Governments of Angola, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Kenya to contain a yellow fever outbreak of unprecedented scale. The outbreak started in Angola in December 2015, and spread to the DRC and Kenya.

    As of 30 June 2016, 3552 cases including 355 deaths had been reported in Angola, and 1399 cases with 82 deaths in the DRC. Uganda had also reported 60 cases and 7 deaths in an outbreak not related to the one in Angola. WHO and partners quickly supported the affected countries to implement control measures.

    By the end of June 2016, the Organization had deployed 126 international experts to support vaccination campaigns and strengthen surveillance, risk communication, community mobilization, case management and integrated vector control.

    Through the International Coordination Group mechanisms, WHO provided over 14 million doses of yellow fever vaccine to Angola, the DRC and Uganda. Funds amounting to approximately US$ 1.6 million were disbursed from the WHO Contingency Fund for Emergencies (CFE) and the African Public Health Emergency Fund (APHEF) to support national response efforts. The risk of yellow fever in the Region has changed, and a new yellow fever strategy is being developed in the Region with emphasis on immunization and health security.

    The Regional Office also supported Cabo Verde and Guinea-Bissau to respond to outbreaks of Zika virus which were reported in October 2015 and June 2016 respectively. These outbreaks are linked to the Zika outbreak in the Americas, which was declared a Public Health Emergency of International Concern by the WHO Director-General on 1 February 2016.

    By 30 June 2016, 7585 suspected cases of Zika including nine infants with microcephaly had been reported among newborn babies of Zika-infected mothers in the two countries, with 202 cases laboratory-confirmed. The number of reported cases in Cabo Verde has since declined with the last confirmed new cases reported in March 2016, while Guinea-Bissau had three confirmed cases by the end of June 2016.

    WHO provided support for the initial investigation and confirmation of the diagnosis through the deployment of experts, while guidance and advice on Zika preparedness and response were provided to other Member States and partners.

    Reducing childhood illness and mortality

    WHO continues to promote immunization as the most cost-effective life-saving intervention, especially for children.
    Coverage with the third dose of the diphtheria-pertussis-tetanus vaccine (DPT3) in the African Region has improved with 24 countries reaching coverage rates above 90% in 2015.

    Countries also made significant progress in introducing new vaccines such as pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV) and rotavirus vaccines into their immunization programmes. Thirty-eight countries are using PCV, while 31 are using rotavirus vaccines. The increasing use of these vaccines is already having a positive impact on disease prevalence.

    For instance, Ghana, Rwanda and Togo have reported reductions of 45-65% of rotavirus hospitalizations in large referral hospitals for the period 2014-2015.

    To further strengthen advocacy for immunization, ministers of health, parliamentarians and partners adopted a declaration on Universal Access to Immunization – “Universal Access to Immunization as a Cornerstone for Health and Development in Africa” – at the first ever Ministerial Conference on Immunization in Africa jointly organized with the African Union Commission and the Government of Ethiopia in February 2016. Implementation of the declaration will contribute to reducing child mortality within the context of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).


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    Source: Insecurity Insight
    Country: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone

    Aid in Danger partner agency incidents: Partner agencies operate in 16 countries. Agencies reported 281 incidents in 13 countries and 13 security measures taken to protect staff, assets and programmes in five countries.


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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Afghanistan, Burundi, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, World, Yemen, Zimbabwe

    PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR DECEMBER 2017

    This brief summarizes FEWS NET’s most forward-looking analysis of projected emergency food assistance needs in FEWS NET coverage countries. The projected size of each country’s acutely food insecure population (IPC Phase 3 and higher) is compared to last year and the recent five-year average and categorized as Higher ( p), Similar ( u), or Lower ( q). Countries where external emergency food assistance needs are anticipated are identified. Projected lean season months highlighted in red indicate either an early start or an extension to the typical lean season. Additional information is provided for countries with large food insecure populations, an expectation of high severity, or where other key issues warrant additional discussion. Analytical confidence is lower in remote monitoring countries, denoted by “RM”. Visit www.fews.net for detailed country reports.


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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: Burkina Faso, Chad, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone

    Highlights

    • Despite satisfying cereal availability, millet and sorghum prices increase beyond their seasonal trend in Mali and Niger due to stock depletion. The ongoing Ramadan is expected to exacerbate this rise.

    • Strong pasture and fodder deficit in the Sahel, particularly in Mali and Niger

    • Drop in livestock prices in the eastern trade Basin due to poor demand from Nigeria

    • Fiscal Crisis in Chad: Poor economic performance threatens national food security and regional stability


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    Source: Human Rights Watch
    Country: Malawi, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, United Republic of Tanzania, World

    End Exclusion from School for Married, Pregnant Students Show More Services

    (Dakar) – Millions of pregnant and married adolescent girls across many African countries are being denied their education because of discriminatory policies and practices, Human Rights Watch said today, on the Day of the African Child. More than 49 million girls are out of primary and secondary school in sub-Saharan Africa, with 31 million of them out of secondary education, undermining their rights and limiting their opportunities.

    Early marriage and teenage pregnancy are significant factors. In sub-Saharan Africa, 40 percent of girls marry before age 18, and African countries account for 15 of the 20 countries with the highest rates of child marriage globally. The region also has the world’s highest prevalence of adolescent pregnancies. In 14 sub-Saharan countries, between 30 and 51 percent of girls give birth before they are 18. Cultural or religious beliefs often stigmatize unmarried, pregnant girls, with the result that many pregnant girls are forced into early marriages.

    “The African continent has one of the world’s highest rates of adolescent pregnancy, but many governments insist on tackling this social and public health challenge by punishing girls and jeopardizing their future,” said Elin Martínez, children’s rights researcher at Human Rights Watch. “Governments should focus on helping girls prevent unintended pregnancies and support their efforts to stay in school.”

    Although most sub-Saharan African countries have made commitments to guarantee compulsory primary and lower-secondary education for all children, many exclude or expel pregnant girls and young mothers from school.

    Tanzania and Sierra Leone are among the sub-Saharan African countries that have harmful policies and practices that discriminate against pregnant and married girls, Human Rights Watch research shows. In Tanzania, Human Rights Watch found that school officials conduct pregnancy tests and expel pregnant students. Nineteen-year-old Rita, from northern Tanzania, said she was expelled when she became pregnant at age 17. “Teachers found out I was pregnant,” she said. “I found out that no student is allowed to stay in school if they are pregnant … I didn’t have the information [sexual education] about pregnancies and what would happen.”

    Some countries, including Cameroon, South Africa, and Zambia, have adopted “re-entry” policies so that adolescent mothers can return to school after giving birth. However, even if governments have these policies, school officials often fail to carry them out adequately or at all. Young mothers frequently lack support to re-enroll due to school fees and related costs, limited support from their families, stigma in school, and a lack of affordable childcare and related early childhood services.

    Many adolescent girls become pregnant because they lack the information needed to make informed decisions about their sexuality, family planning, and their reproductive health, while others are coerced into sex and require protection and access to health services and support. According to the United Nations, 80 percent of women ages 15 to 24 who have HIV globally live in sub-Saharan Africa and across the continent, and girls aged 15 to 19 are five times more likely to be infected with HIV than boys.

    Sexuality and reproduction are often not included in the national school curricula. In a handful of countries where they are included in HIV awareness or “life skills” programs or subjects, teachers are frequently unwilling to teach these subjects because of the sexual and reproductive health content, or due to constraints on teaching time and resources.

    All African governments have made a commitment to the UN Sustainable Development Goals to guarantee gender equality and universal access to free primary and secondary education for all children by 2030. The African Union has recognized the importance of ending child marriage, understanding that it is a major impediment to regional development and prosperity, and of eliminating all forms of gender-based violence and discrimination.

    African governments should guarantee that girls have equal access to free quality primary and secondary education and support to stay in school, Human Rights Watch said. Governments should reverse harmful policies and practices that stigmatize girls, including forced pregnancy testing and regulations that allow for the expulsion of pregnant or married girls. Governments should also adopt laws that clearly set 18 as the minimum marriage age for boys and girls.

    They should also adopt clear guidelines that instruct schools to re-enroll young mothers, provide support services in schools, and ensure that young mothers have access to early childhood services. Governments should also ensure that all children have access to age-appropriate, comprehensive sexuality, and reproductive education. Where possible, school-based services should be connected to youth-friendly health services to ensure that adolescents receive impartial, nonjudgmental information.

    “Governments have the prime responsibility to ensure that girls access free primary and secondary education, without facing stigma and discrimination,” said Martínez. “All governments should scrap policies that exclude pregnant or married girls, and put in place special measures to ensure that all adolescent girls can go to school.”

    In Girls’ Own Words

    Malawi In Malawi, roughly half of all girls marry before age 18. Between 2010 and 2013, 27,612 girls in primary and 4,053 girls in secondary schools dropped out due to marriage. During the same period, another 14,051 primary school girls and 5,597 secondary school girls dropped out because they were pregnant.

    Girls told Human Rights Watch that marriage interrupted or ended their education, and with it their dreams to be doctors, teachers, or lawyers. Many said that they could not return to school after marriage because of lack of money to pay school fees, childcare, flexible school programs or adult classes, and the need to do household chores. Others said that their husbands or in-laws would not allow them to stay in school.

    Kabwila N., 17, said she left school in standard eight at age 15 because of poverty. She said she could not go back to school because she felt ashamed about her pregnancy: “I would not want to go back to school because I started having sex with my boyfriend while at school. I am not fit to go back.”

    South Sudan In South Sudan, 52 percent of girls marry before their 18th birthday. According to UNESCO, over 1.3 million primary-school-age children are out of school, and the country has the world’s lowest secondary school enrollment rate, at four percent.

    Mary K., of Yambio County, said: “My father refused me to go to school. He said it is a waste of money to educate a girl. He said marriage will bring me respect in the community. Now I have grown up and I know that this is not true. I cannot get work to support my children and I see girls who have some education can get jobs.”

    Anyier D., 18, said that her uncles forced her to leave school at 14 in 2008 to marry an old man she did not know: “I would wish to return to school even if I have children. People think that I am happy but I am not because I don’t have an education. I don’t have something of my own and I am only cleaning offices. If I had gone to secondary school, I would get a good job.”

    Tanzania In Tanzania, fewer than a third of girls who complete primary schooling complete lower-secondary school, and over 15,000 girls drop out annually due to pregnancy. Human Rights Watch found that in some cases adolescent girls dropped out of lower-secondary school due to sexual exploitation and violence by teachers.

    Joyce, 17, from Shinyanga, said: “There are teachers who engage in sexual affairs with students – I know many [girls] it has happened to ... If a student refuses, she is punished ... I feel bad … even if you report the matter it won’t be taken seriously. It makes us feel unsafe. Three girls dropped out because of teachers and sex in 2015.”


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    Source: Innovations for Poverty Action
    Country: Sierra Leone

    Innovations for Poverty Action (IPA) is a research and policy nonprofit that discovers and promotes effective solutions to global poverty problems. IPA brings together researchers and decision-makers to design, rigorously evaluate, and refine these solutions and their applications, ensuring that the evidence created is used to improve the lives of the world’s poor. Since our founding in 2002, IPA has worked with over 575 leading academics to conduct over 650 evaluations in 51 countries. This research has informed hundreds of successful programs that now impact millions of individuals worldwide. Future growth will be concentrated in focus countries, such as Sierra Leone, where we have local and international staff, established relationships with government, NGOs, and the private sector, and deep knowledge of local issues.


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    Source: Insecurity Insight
    Country: Afghanistan, Chad, Colombia, Egypt, Ethiopia, Iraq, Jordan, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicaragua, Papua New Guinea, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Timor-Leste, United Republic of Tanzania, World

    Sexual violence in humanitarian settings is rarely reported as a security incident. This overview document presents incidents reported over a 27-month period. It includes data shared by Report the Abuse and incidents reported in open sources and by Security in Numbers Database (SiND) partner agencies. It does not present a representative sample, but instead provides insight into the nature of these incidents.


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    Source: UN Population Fund
    Country: Sierra Leone

    FREETOWN, Sierra Leone – The horrific Ebola outbreak in West Africa came to an end one year ago. The crisis left over 3,900 Sierra Leoneans dead and health systems in disarray – yet the true toll of the epidemic has been even higher.

    Disruptions in reproductive health care, and widespread fears about getting infected by health personnel, left thousands of women and girls without maternal health and family planning services.

    The country’s maternal death rate – which was already the highest in the world, according to 2015 United Nations figures– is likely to have increased during the outbreak. And thousands of teenage girls, lacking access to youth-friendly reproductive health care, became pregnant and were forced to drop out of school.

    Today, UNFPA is working with partners, including the Government of Sierra Leone, to restore access to reproductive health care and put girls back in school.

    A new generation of midwives

    Ebola killed over 200 health workers in Sierra Leone, including 56 midwives.

    “Before Ebola, we had limited midwives,” said Margaret Mannah, a UNFPA midwifery expert, “and now we have even less.”

    UNFPA is now supporting midwifery schools in Freetown and Makeni, which are expected to graduate 80 to 90 students every year.

    Midwives from these schools will be able to provide a full range of services for pregnant women, from antenatal care and safe deliveries to postnatal care.

    They will also be trained to provide reproductive health services to the broader community, including neonatal care, family planning counselling, and diagnosis and treatment of sexually transmitted infections.

    Some midwives are also eager to do community outreach: “I want to help communities to be less fearful about coming to the hospital,” said Jeneba Sia Bundo, a 29-year-old midwifery student.

    At the National Midwifery School, one of the UNFPA-supported institutions, training will now exceed the rigorousness of the previous curriculum.

    “The Ebola virus highlighted some serious gaps and deficiencies in the curriculum that we teach the midwives,” Dr. Joan Shepherd, the school’s principal, told UNFPA. “Before, our infection prevention was not good enough.”

    “Now, we see precautionary measures as an absolute must,” she said.

    Returning girls to school

    The Ebola crisis also left girls extremely vulnerable to pregnancy, not only because sexual and reproductive health information and services were limited, but also because social protection systems collapsed. Vulnerability to gender-based violence increased.

    An estimated 18,119 girls became pregnant during the crisis. Because girls in Sierra Leone are prohibited from attending school if they are visibly pregnant, these girls were forced to drop out.

    With funding from Irish Aid, UNFPA and the health ministry provided girls with sexual and reproductive health information. Pregnant girls also received antenatal, safe delivery and postnatal care, as well as assistance returning to formal education.

    Additionally, through the Ministry of Social Welfare, Gender and Children's Affairs, girls who had suffered any form of gender-based violence were provided with psychosocial support for their recovery and rehabilitation.

    These efforts – in concert with a programme by UNICEF and the education ministry extending classes for pregnant girls – helped ensured adolescent girls were able to resume their educations, even if they had become pregnant.

    Today, more than 11,114 girls have returned to school.


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